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Atrial Fibrillation Case Considerations: Medication Selection in the Face of Health Disparities

Case Challenge

In this interactive case challenge, test your knowledge on the management of atrial fibrillation and your ability to overcome health disparities in a primary care setting to improve access to anticoagulation.

Physician Assistants/Physician Associates: 0.50 AAPA Category 1 CME credit

Nurses: 0.50 Nursing contact hour

Physicians: maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit

Released: January 05, 2024

Expiration: January 04, 2025



David S. Kountz

David S. Kountz, MD, MBA, MACP

Department of Medicine
Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine
Nutley, New Jersey

Provided by

Provided by Clinical Care Options, LLC in partnership with Practicing Clinicians Exchange

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Supported by an educational grant from the Bristol Myers Squibb and Pfizer Alliance.

Bristol Myers Squibb

Pfizer Alliance


Practicing Clinicians Exchange

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Target Audience

This program is intended for primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, physician associates, and other members of the healthcare team who manage patients at risk for NVAF.

Program Learning Goal

The goal of this activity is to improve the knowledge, competence, and performances of learners regarding the implications of undiagnosed NVAF, methods to improve detection and NVAF management, and strategies for reducing disparities in NVAF care.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Design individualized treatment regimens for patients with NVAF by integrating guideline recommendations, clinical trial evidence, and patient-specific factors

  • Formulate strategies for collaborative, patient-centered care to address inequities in the healthcare system and to improve NVAF management while reducing health disparities


Clinical Care Options, LLC (CCO) requires instructors, planners, managers, and other individuals who are in a position to control the content of this activity to disclose all financial conflicts of interest (COI) they may have with ineligible companies. All relevant COI are thoroughly vetted and mitigated according to CCO policy. CCO is committed to providing its learners with high-quality CME/CE activities and related materials that promote improvements or quality in healthcare and not a specific proprietary business interest of an ineligible company.

The faculty reported the following relevant financial relationships or relationships to products or devices they have with ineligible companies related to the content of this educational activity:

Primary Author

David S. Kountz, MD, MBA, MACP

Department of Medicine
Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine
Nutley, New Jersey

David S. Kountz, MD, MBA, MACP, has no relevant conflicts of interest to report.

The planners and content peer reviewers from Clinical Care Options, LLC and Practicing Clinicians Exchange do not have any relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Instructions for Credit

Participation in this self-study activity should be completed in approximately 0.5 hour. To successfully complete this activity and receive credit, learners must follow these steps during the period from January 05, 2024, through January 04, 2025:

  1. Login or Sign Up for an account by clicking at the top of this page.
  2. Read the target audience, learning objectives, and faculty disclosures.
  3. View and study the content in its entirety.
  4. Submit answers to the posttest questions and evaluation questions online.

You must receive a test score of at least 65 and respond to all evaluation questions to receive a certificate. After submitting the evaluation, you may access your online certificate by selecting the certificate link on the confirmation page. Records of all CME/CE activities completed can be found on the "My Certificates" page. There are no costs/fees for this activity.


This program has been made available online.

Disclosure of Unlabeled Use

This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. The planners of this activity do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.

The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of the planners. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.


Participants have an implied responsibility to use the newly acquired information to enhance patient outcomes and their own professional development. The information presented in this activity is not meant to serve as a guideline for patient management. Any procedures, medications, or other courses of diagnosis or treatment discussed or suggested in this activity should not be used by clinicians without evaluation of their patient’s conditions and possible contraindications and/or dangers in use, review of any applicable manufacturer’s product information, and comparison with recommendations of other authorities.


Joint Accreditation Statement
Joint AccreditationIn support of improving patient care, Clinical Care Options, LLC (CCO) is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.


Physician Continuing Medical Education
CCO designates this enduring material for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Nursing Continuing Professional Development
The maximum number of hours awarded for this Nursing Continuing Professional Development activity is 0.5 contact hours.

Physician Associate Continuing Medical Education
Joint AccreditationClinical Care Option, LLC  has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 0.5 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until  January 04, 2025. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.